Nurtritional Value of Pure Maple Syrup

Pure maple syrup is a "natural" food, processed by heat concentration of pure maple sap, which is the nutrient liquid utilized by the plant for the annual growth of its tissues.

 

Maple Facts

In the boiling, concentrating and filtering process the nutrients remain in the syrup. There are quantitative differences in syrup's nutritive composition, due to metabolic and environmental differences among maple trees and differences in the methods of sap collecting and syrup processing. Pure maple syrup contains most of the substances useful in the human diet.

SUGARS
Are an important source of energy. The main sugar in pure maple syrup is sucrose, which is the sole sugar in the Fancy grade syrups. The darker grades of syrup contain a small and variable amount of fructose and glucose.

MINERALS
Have specific & nonspecific nutritional functions in the body metabolism. In pure maple syrup, the main minerals present are calcium, potassium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, Iron.

VITAMINS
Are essential to maintain health; they cannot be manufactured by the body (except Vitamin D) so they must be acquired through food or taken separately.

In maple syrup, trace amounts of vitamins are present; mainly B2 (riboflavin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), PP (niacin), biotin and folic acid.

AMINO ACIDS
Are the building blocks of the proteins. In maple syrup, many amino acids are present in trace amounts.

Maria Franca Morselli 1975. Nutritional Value of Maple Syrup. National Maple Syrup Digest 14 (2):12. Revised by Henry J. Marckres (2003)

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PURE MAPLE SYRUP

Total Solids - 66.5 percent

Carbohydrates Percent
Sucrose   88–89
Hexoses Fructose  
  Glucose 0–11
Other Sugars   Trace

Calories
Maple Syrup   282/100g   50/tablespoon   100/oz. 

Organic Acids Percent
Malic .141
Citric .015
Succinic .012
Fumeric .006
Unidentified trace

Amino Acids Parts per million Milligrams/oz.
Amino nitrogens 50–280 1.5–8.3
Phenios 450–1440 13.3–42.6

Minerals Parts per million Milligrams/oz.
Potassium 1300–3900 38.4–115.3
Calcium 400–2100 11.8–62.1
Magnesium 12–360 0.4–10.6
Manganese 2–220 0.06–6.5
Sodium 0–6 0.02–2
Phosphorus 79–183 2.3–5.4
Iron 0–36 0–1.1
Zinc 0–90 0–2.7
Copper 0–2 0–0.06
Tin 0–33 0–1.0

Vitamins Micrograms/liter Micrograms/oz.
Niacin(PP) 276 8.2
Pantothenic Acid(B5) 600 17.7
Riboflavin(B2) 60 1.8
Folic Acid Trace  
Pyridoxine(B6) Trace  
Biotin Trace  
A Trace